|Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from Sub-tropical to Arctic.
|Nepal - occupying only 0.1% of the earth - is home to:|
2% of all the flowering plants in the world;
- 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species);
- 4% of mammals on earth;
- 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than 500 species);
- 600 indigenous plant families;
- 319 species of exotic orchids.
|NEPAL AT A GLANCE|
Area: 147,181 sq. km|
Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the South.
Population: approximately 30 million
Language: Nepali is the national language. However, travel-trade people understand and speak English as well.
Currency: Nepalese Rupee (approximately 1.00 USD = 105.78 NPR).
Political System: Democracy
Climate: Nepal has four major seasons, namely,
(1) Winter: December-February,
(2) Spring: March-May,
(3) Summer: June-August,
(4) Autumn: September-November.
Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
People: Nepal has more than 61 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages.
What to Wear: Lightweight clothing is recommended for May through October. Warm garments are required in October-March. An umbrella or a raincoat is a must for the rainy season.